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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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spoken to them on behalf of America, whom they had always trusted and
" How can one explain to the indomitable fighters for freedom and
democracy that after the victory of the United Nations the principles in
defence of which they fought would not be applied to them ? How can one
explain to the Polish Nation that their country is but a home on wheels
to be pushed eastwards or westwards as may suit the imperialist aims of
either of its mighty neighbours in defiance of the principle of self-
determination of peoples, for which they had fought ?
" Public opinion is still unaware of the details of Russia's activities in
Poland and of her treatment of the Poles during the war both in Poland
and in Russia. The fact that the Soviet Government has consistently
refused to admit any Allied or neutral observers inside Poland, is in itself
ominous. As long as the war lasted, the Polish Government itself, for the
sake of Allied unity, so essential to the common victory, contributed to
this regrettable black-out of the facts of Polish-Soviet relations. Moreover,
it hoped that by avoiding friction it might more easily reach an under-
standing with Prussia, which it sincerely desired.
" Public opinion too easily forgets all the attempts made by the Polish
Government and people to come to an understanding with Soviet Russia
within the framework of international law. These efforts were invariably
rejected by Russia. At any time during this war, problems requiring
settlement between Poland and Russia could probably have been solved, f
Russia had allowed representatives of the legal Polish Government and of
the Underground to sit down with her representatives and to tackle these
problems in an atmosphere of mutual goodwill. But Russia preferred to
present these problems not as Soviet-Polish controversies, but as quarrels
of opposing factions of Poles.
" Poland represented by her legal Government was never allowed to
participate in the discussions of Polish-Soviet relations. The Conferences
at Teheran and Yalta are examples in point. The decisions concerning
Poland must therefore be regarded by the Polish Nation as verdict,
in absentia. No nation, no government truly representative of its peoples
could ever accept decisions about their territory or system of government
that were taken without its participation. The Polish people are deeply
attached to their traditions of individual and national freedom. They will
never cease to fight for these ideals."
The dawn of 1945 was to find Poland at the bottom of the abyss of
misfortune, having been over-run (with the connivance of the Govern-
ments of the Greater Democracies) by the second and stronger totalitarian
The leaders of these Democracies who had preached the dogma of
freedomóRoosevelt's £ four ' and Churchill's ' seven 'óconfronted with
reality had denied their principles and for some transient gains had
countenanced a division of Poland which resulted in one half of that
country becoming part of the Soviet Empire while the other half was
made the helpless vassal of that same Empire. The crime of Russia
and Germany partitioning Poland yet again in 1939 had been strongly
condemned by those two leaders in the name of tie United States of